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  • Artificial soil studies reveal domain-specific preferences ...

    8/12/2014  Previous studies already demonstrated that microbial communities of different composition developed in the selected artificial soil variants (Babin et al., 2013; Ding et al., 2013), but the importance of the different surface properties as provided by the

  • Cited by: 19
  • The physico-chemical properties and structural ...

    17/02/2016  The artificial soil properties are very important for effective management of the slopes. This paper uses fractal and moment methods to characterize soil particle size distribution (PSD) and aggregates composition. The fractal dimension (D) showed linear relationships between clay, silt, and sand contents, with coefficients of determination from 0.843 to 0.875, suggesting that using of D to ...

  • Cited by: 12
  • US5607494A - Artificial soil composition and a method of ...

    An artificial soil composition and a method of growing vegetation on a sloped surface, especially a cut rock surface are disclosed. The artificial soil composition includes peat, granular soil, sewage sediment formed by the treatment of urban waste for example and pulp sludge formed by the de-watering of fibrous material and is a byproduct of the manufacture of paper from wood pulp.

  • Cited by: 10
  • (PDF) A new protocol for an artificial soil to analyse ...

    The artificial soils were designed to determine the effect of mineral composition and charcoal presence on the development of abiotic and biotic soil properties during maturation. In particular ...

  • The physico-chemical properties and structural ...

    17/02/2016  The artificial soil properties are very important for effective management of the slopes. This paper uses fractal and moment methods to characterize soil particle size distribution (PSD) and ...

  • Cited by: 12
  • FORMATION, COMPOSITION AND PROPERTIES OF SOIL

    COMPOSITION AND PROPERTIES OF SOIL The soil is made up of the following 1. Air 2. Water 3. Organic matter 4. Living organisms , and 5. Mineral matter. SOIL AIR The amount of in the air varies under natural condition depending on the weather and other factors such as nature of soil. Air is important in the soil because 1. It promotes aeration. Soil aeration is the exchange carbon (IV) oxide

  • The properties and evolution of artificial soil-like ...

    1/05/2010  The following characteristics were identified: pH(H2O), organic carbon, soluble potassium, available phosphorus, total content of heavy metals (Zn, Cu, Cd, Pb), Red-Ox potential, penetration resistance, bulk density, cellulosolytic activity, species composition of soil animals and microbiological inoculation on anitrogenous medium Then, having learned the properties of city soils and soil-like ...

  • Author: Fedor Ivannikov, Tatiana Prokofieva
  • Artificial soil: quick and dirty New Scientist

    8/08/2007  Artificial soil: quick and dirty. Earth 8 August 2007 By Jessica Marshall. YOU might think it’s as common as muck. Dirt cheap, even. In fact, the soil beneath our feet is anything but. Good ...

  • Mechanical properties of stabilized artificial organic soil

    Mechanical properties of stabilized artificial organic soil: Mechanical properties of stabilized artificial organic soil: XU Riqing 1, GUO Yin 2, LIU Zengyong 3: 1.Key Laboratory of Soft Soils and Geoenvironmental Engineering, Zhejiang University; 2.Key Laboratory of Soft Soils and Geoenvironmental Engineering, Zhejiang University;China Institute of Geotechnical Investigation

  • Artificial Chinampas Soils of Mexico City: their ...

    composition. The soils are characterized by a layered structure, uniform dark grey colour, irregular vertical distribution of organic carbon and clay, and high percentage of carbon. Some soils show an increase in organic matter with depth, and other profiles have maximum organic matter content in the surficial layers and in the subsoil. The dynamics of sedimentation resulted in the decrease in ...

  • Cited by: 9
  • The Effects of Chemical Fertilizers on Soil Hunker

    17/07/2017  The different acids in the soil dissolve the soil crumbs which help to hold together the rock particles. Soil crumbs result from the combination of humus, or decomposed natural material such as dead leaves, with clay. These mineral rich soil crumbs are essential to soil drainage and greatly improve air circulation in the soil. As the chemicals in the chemical fertilizers destroy soil crumbs ...

  • Metal oxides, clay minerals and charcoal determine the ...

    This study aimed to elucidate the long-term effect of the soil mineral composition and charcoal on the microbial community composition established in matured artificial soils and their response to phenanthrene. One year after adding sterile manure to different artificial soils and inoculating microorganisms from a Cambisol, the matured soils were spiked with phenanthrene or not and

  • Physical and Compaction Properties of Granular Materials ...

    Therefore, the scaling distribution for grain composition is a vital index for studying the physical and mechanical properties of soil systems. When the PSD of granular materials is changed, its permeability, deformation, strength, and other properties are altered [ 11 ].

  • Water-physical properties of artificial soils of layered ...

    Water-physical properties of artificial soils of layered composition, used in dumps recultivation of mining and oil industry Demin, Eugenie; ... The use of homogeneous granulometric composition of soils leads to rapid loss of water and death of herbaceous plants. Therefore, it is necessary to find ways to retain water in the root zone and prevent it from flowing deep into the blade. Studies ...

  • NEW GREENING METHOD USING ARTIFICIAL SOIL

    PURPOSE: A method of greening a cutting area or a filled area necessary for artificial vegetation using an artificial soil composition, a jute net, plant seeds or the like is provided. It prevents collapse or disintegration of a construction area while providing suitable moisturizing properties, fertilizer retaining properties and air permeability thereto.

  • Tree species mediated soil chemical changes in a Siberian ...

    A number of soil properties –- NO 3 −, N, Al 3+, Ca 2+, Fe 3+, K +, Mg 2+ and Cl − –- responded to neither species nor depth. The six studied species may be clustered into three groups based on their effects on the soil properties. Scots pine and spruce had the lowest pH, highest C/N ratio and intermediate C content in soil. The other ...

  • Tomatosphere - Tomatosphère Soil on Mars

    The composition of soil on Earth. Soil on Earth contains mineral matter, organic matter, air and water (See Figure 1). Soil also hosts a range of living things, from burrowing animals to earthworms to microbes. Microbes, such as bacteria and fungi, are very important for healthy soil and therefore healthy plant growth. For example, they decompose organic matter to recycle nutrients (see below ...

  • APPLICATIONS OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN GEOTECHNICAL ...

    2.2 Soil properties and behaviour There is an increasing in employment of ANNs in modelling soil properties and its behavior. Poor learning resulting from overtraining the network was studied using artificially generated triaxial data. (Penumadu et al ., 1994), provide modelling rate-dependent behavior of clay soils. Neural network methods have ...

  • Soils - Cornell University

    Long term improvement in soil properties can be achieved by topdressing. Topdressing with ¼ - ½” of screened high quality compost or lesser amounts of sand after aggressively core aerating the soil will begin to improve the soil’s drainage and aeration properties. Depending on your goals this may need to be repeated a couple of times per year. Soil texture Management strategies; Coarse ...

  • Fertilizer regime impacts on abundance and diversity of ...

    Soil faunal communities are critical for ecosystem functionality, with respect to direct and indirect interactions with plants, nutrient, and organic matter cycling 1,2,3,4.The composition and diversity of soil fauna are typically explained by the top-down effects of predators and the bottom-up effects of resource availability 5,6,7.Soil fauna have a strong association with soil nutrient ...

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  • Mineral composition and charcoal determine the bacterial ...

    Natural soils frequently vary a lot in their physico-chemical properties, for example, soil texture, organic matter content, and pH, which are known to have strong impacts on microbial communities. To identify factors that drive the composition of microbial communities in soils, the use of comparable, well-defined artificial soils that are unaffected by changing environmental conditions might ...

  • Effects of artificial soil surface management on changes ...

    This study was carried out to have a long and detailed understanding of how artificial surface soil covering materials can protect the soil physical and chemical properties from the ravages of soil erosion. Such endeavor would allow us to make suitable modification to soil conservation practices to enhance soil stability and importantly soil productivity. Data measured for eight years on ...

  • Physical and Compaction Properties of Granular Materials ...

    Therefore, the scaling distribution for grain composition is a vital index for studying the physical and mechanical properties of soil systems. When the PSD of granular materials is changed, its permeability, deformation, strength, and other properties are altered [ 11 ].

  • Water-physical properties of artificial soils of layered ...

    Water-physical properties of artificial soils of layered composition, used in dumps recultivation of mining and oil industry Demin, Eugenie; ... The use of homogeneous granulometric composition of soils leads to rapid loss of water and death of herbaceous plants. Therefore, it is necessary to find ways to retain water in the root zone and prevent it from flowing deep into the blade. Studies ...

  • Artificial soil and soil-forming composition - Hy-tec ...

    11/04/1995  The artificial soil composition is formed by thoroughly mixing the granular (preferably powdered) soil-forming composition with the water and allowing the hydration to take place, usually over a 3-6 hour period. The result is a clear gel which is phosphorescent and colored a greenish hue. Phosphorescence is fluorescence that continues for more than a short time (1-6 seconds, e.g.) after ...

  • Metal oxides, clay minerals and charcoal determine the ...

    13/12/2012  This study aimed to elucidate the long‐term effect of the soil mineral composition and charcoal on the microbial community composition established in matured artificial soils and their response to phenanthrene. One year after adding sterile manure to different artificial soils and inoculating microorganisms from a Cambisol, the matured soils were spiked with phenanthrene or not

  • Effectiveness of artificial zeolite amendment in improving ...

    The use of artificial zeolite (AZ) derived from recycled material as a soil amendment has recently received much attention. The effectiveness of AZ in controlling soil loss, sediment concentration, and runoff water quality in artificial sodic soils is discussed in this study. Soils containing 3 different types of clay mineralogies (kaolinitic, smectic, and allophanic) were tested.

  • Tomatosphere - Tomatosphère Soil on Mars

    The composition of soil on Earth. Soil on Earth contains mineral matter, organic matter, air and water (See Figure 1). Soil also hosts a range of living things, from burrowing animals to earthworms to microbes. Microbes, such as bacteria and fungi, are very important for healthy soil and therefore healthy plant growth. For example, they decompose organic matter to recycle nutrients (see below ...

  • Impact of Soil Composition and Electrochemistry on ...

    This paper researches the physical, chemical and electrochemical properties of the artificial soil on rock slope in the southwest China Sui-yu Railway, aiming to predict metal corrosion through ...

  • APPLICATIONS OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN GEOTECHNICAL ...

    2.2 Soil properties and behaviour There is an increasing in employment of ANNs in modelling soil properties and its behavior. Poor learning resulting from overtraining the network was studied using artificially generated triaxial data. (Penumadu et al ., 1994), provide modelling rate-dependent behavior of clay soils. Neural network methods have ...

  • Artificial soil and soil-forming composition - Hy-tec ...

    11/04/1995  The artificial soil composition is formed by thoroughly mixing the granular (preferably powdered) soil-forming composition with the water and allowing the hydration to take place, usually over a 3-6 hour period. The result is a clear gel which is phosphorescent and colored a greenish hue. Phosphorescence is fluorescence that continues for more than a short time (1-6 seconds, e.g.) after ...

  • Weeding effects on soil physico-chemical properties in ...

    decomposition and helps to improve the soil properties. For plantation in hilly areas it is more crucial as the hill top found significantly lower physico-chemical soil properties. Keywords: artificial forest, hilly land area, different elevation, soil moisture, organic matter and soil conservation Biodiversity International Journal Research Article Open Access. Weeding effects on soil physico ...

  • Comparisons the prediction results of soil properties ...

    Soil organic matter and soil particle composition play extremely important roles in soil fertility, environmental protection and sustainable agricultural development. Visible/near-infrared reflectance (Vis-NIR) spectroscopy is a rapid, effective and low-cost analytical method to predict soil properties. In this study, laboratory Vis-NIR spectroscopy data was used to compare the differences ...

  • Principal chemical properties of artificial soil composed ...

    To solve soil shortage in reclaiming subsided land of coal mines, the principal chemical properties of artificial soil formed by mixing organic furfural residue and inorganic fly ash were examined. The results indicated that the artificial soil was suitable for agriculture use after irrigation and desalination, the available nutrients in the artificial soil could satisfy the growth demand of ...

  • Effectiveness of artificial zeolite amendment in improving ...

    The use of artificial zeolite (AZ) derived from recycled material as a soil amendment has recently received much attention. The effectiveness of AZ in controlling soil loss, sediment concentration, and runoff water quality in artificial sodic soils is discussed in this study. Soils containing 3 different types of clay mineralogies (kaolinitic, smectic, and allophanic) were tested.

  • Chemical Composition of Artificial Reservoirs and Saline ...

    composition of artificial reservoirs placed on these soils for prod uction of ecologically clean products is essential. Water samples were taken once in a quarter in 2016. The chemical and microbiological components were measured, in soil samples once in every 6 months [3]. The sampling continued in 2017 as well in the laboratory Soil samples were treated for chemical analysis Depending the ...

  • Impact of Soil Composition and Electrochemistry on ...

    This paper researches the physical, chemical and electrochemical properties of the artificial soil on rock slope in the southwest China Sui-yu Railway, aiming to predict metal corrosion through ...

  • Artificial soils to assess temperature sensitivity of the ...

    We used artificial soils with controlled compositions to assess the effects of chemical recalcitrance (cellulose compared with lignin) and clay‐mineral composition with montmorillonite (M) or kaolinite (K) on the decomposition of model organic compounds at 2, 12, 22 and 32°C. When only substrate composition was varied, the presence of cellulose enhanced the decomposition rate of lignin ...

  • ATTERBERG LIMITS IN RELATION TO OTHER PROPERTIES OF FINE ...

    easily the impact of the mineralogical composition on the physical properties of fine-grained soils, the basic mechanisms that determine the physical properties, and thus the possible correlations between them. As an example, the possibilities of using the Atterberg limits to predict the soil’s other properties are shown. 2 BASIC ASSUMPTIONS

  • Soil Colloids: Nature, Composition and Properties

    Chemical Composition and Structure of Colloids 3. Properties and Importance. Nature of Colloids: Soil colloidal are two kinds: (1) Inorganic (minerals) and . ADVERTISEMENTS: (2) Organic (humus). The two together form the colloidal complex of the soil. In almost all soils the inorganic colloidal form a major portion of the colloidal complex. On the other hand, in peat soils, it consists almost ...